Indian Railway Personnel Service

Railway Exams, UPSC
IRPS Recruitment / Exam Date

The Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) is a part of Indian Railways Group-A central services. It is the youngest Organized Services in Group ‘A’ of the Indian Railways.

It was formed in 1976 and was the first direct recruitment through Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC in 1980.

The officers performing in this service manages all the human resources of the Indian Railways. Candidates get hired through the Civil Services Examination.

IRPS officers operate the Directorate of Establishment and Personnel Department of the Ministry of Railways at the zonal railways and divisional levels, including railway production units and workshops.

The Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRP) is a Group-A central service of the Government of India and is the smallest of all Group A organized services in the Indian Railways.

It was formed in 1976 and the first direct recruitment was conducted in 1980 through the Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC.

The officers of this service are responsible for the management of human resources of the Indian Railways. Cadre recruitment is done through the Civil Services Examination.

India Railway has also a part in the defence, you can check out this post called IRPS.

IRP officers operate the Establishment Directorate of the Ministry of Railways and the Department of Personnel at the zonal railways and divisional levels, including railway production units and workshops.

GradePay ScaleDesignation in Field (Operational)
Junior Time ScaleRs.18000-13500Assistant personnel officer
Senior Time ScaleRs. 10000-15200Senior personnel officer
Junior Administrative ScaleRs.12000-16500Deputy chief personnel officer
Selection GradeRs.14300-18300---
Senior administrative gradeRs.318400-500-22400Executive director
Higher administrative gradeRs.22400-525-24500Additional member
Higher gradeRS. 26000 (fixed)Member staff

➼ Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) Exam Pattern

The pattern of Civil Services Examination is intended to test a candidate’s academic expertise and that candidate’s ability to grant himself/herself in a methodical and steady manner.

The exam pattern is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and level of understanding of the candidates.

The UPSC Civil Services Examination 2020 is conducted in two phases, Prelims and Mains, which are then followed by an interview.

➼ Prelims Exam Pattern

  • Prelims papers consist of 200 marks each.
  • Both the question papers are objective type (multiple choice questions) of each hour.
  • Question papers language option will both Hindi and English. However, questions related to English language comprehension skills will be provided in English only.
  • Additional time of 20 minutes will be allotted to the blind candidates.
SL.NO.Name of The PaperNature of the PaperDuration of The ExamQuestionsMarks
1IAS Exam Paper – I: General StudiesMerit Ranking Nature2 Hours100200 Marks
2IAS Exam Paper – II: General Studies (CSAT)Qualifying Nature2 Hours80200 Marks

➼ Main Exam Pattern

  • The candidates who have passed the preliminary examination are called for the main examination and they will be called for interview on the basis of marks obtained in the main examination.
  • Total marks for main exam and interview for final exam result
SL.NO.IAS Exam PaperName of The paperNature of The paperDuration of the examMarks
1Paper-ACompulsary Indian LanguageQualifying Nature3 Hours300 Marks
2Paper-BEnglishQualifying Nature3 Hours300 Marks
3Paper-IEssayMerit Ranking Nature3 Hours250 Marks
4Paper-IIGeneral Studies-I3 Hours250 Marks
5Paper-IIIGeneral Studies II3 Hours250 Makrs
6Paper IVGeneral Studies III3 Hours250 Marks
7Paper-VGeneral Studies IV3 Hours250 Marks
8Paper-VIOptional Paper I3 Hours250 Marks
9Paper-VIIOptional Paper II3 Hours250 Marks
Total Marks1750 Marks
Interview/Personality test275 Marks
Grand Total2025 Marks

➼ Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) Exam Syllabus

➼ Main Exam Syllabus

The Commission will release the list of selected candidates for the Civil Services Main Examination on the basis of merit and reservation. The total number of vacancies will be listed approximately 12-13 times to take the main examination. Candidates should understand that the main examination is an important stage in the IAS selection process. This stage tests candidates on various subjects. The main examination consists of nine traditional (descriptive) papers, two of which are qualifying.

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essay
  • To be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice
  • Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic
  • The choice of subjects will be given
  • They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely
  • Credit will be given for effective and exact expression

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country history of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
  • Salient features of the world’s physical geography
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions.
  • Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate
  • Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cybersecurity; money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
  • This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s
  • Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption
  • Case Studies on the above issues.

Agriculture Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Anthropology, Botany, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Commerce and Accountancy, Economics, Electrical Engineering, Geography, Geology, History, Law Management, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Medical Science, Philosophy, Physics, Political Science and International Relations, Psychology, Public Administration, Sociology, Statistics, Zoology.

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English

➼ Preliminary Exam Syllabus

UPSC conducts Civil Services Examination (CSE) to shortlist candidates for various posts like IAS, IPS and IFS. The preliminary examination is the first round of the selection process. Candidates should appear for two General Studies papers of Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination. They should note that General Studies Paper-II is also known as Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT), a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks, which is set at 33%.

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian National Movement
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialisation General Science
  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

➼ Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) Important Dates

Below mentioned are some important dates, that every applicant must know, who are willing to appear in the examination.

These dates are also available on the official website, as these dates are decided by the officials.

TitleDate
IFS Civil Services Date of Notification12-02-2020
Start of Online Examination12-02-2020
End of Online Examination (Till 6:00 PM)03-03-2020
Admit card (Preliminary Examination)25-05-2020
Date of Civil Services Preliminary Examination31-05-2020
Date of IFS Civil Services Main Examination18-09-2020

➼ Eligibility Criteria

1) Nationality:

The nationality of the candidate should be one of the following:

  • Citizen of India
  • Nepal theme
  • Bhutan subject
  • A Tibetan refugee who came to India before January 1, 1962 for a permanent settlement in India.
  • Migrants from any of the following countries to settle permanently in India: Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries Kenya, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam

2) Educational Qualification:

A candidate should have a degree from any university recognized by UGC or its equivalent qualification.

The candidates applying for the Civil Services Examination are required to fulfil the following criteria:

  • Candidate must contain a Bachelor’s degree from any recognized university.
  • Candidates who have performed in any qualifying examination and are expecting the result or who have not yet performed in any of the qualifying examinations are also eligible for the preliminary examination. Such candidates will have to present a proof of passing the said examination along with the application for the main examination.
  • Candidates with Government or its equivalent recognized professional and technical qualifications are also eligible to apply
  • Candidates who have passed MBBS or in the final year of any medical examination but have yet to appear for the main examination to complete an internship. However, they must present a certificate from the university concerned that they have passed the final professional medical examination.

3) Age Limit :

  • Minimum age 21 years
  • Maximum age 30 years on 1 August in the year of examination.

Relaxable age limit is as follows:

  • to the max. 5 years for SC / ST candidates.
  • to the max. 3 years for OBC candidates.
  • to the max. 5 years for a candidate from the state of Jammu and Kashmir
  • to the max. 5 years for Defense Services personnel
  • to the max. 5 years for Ex-Servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs / SSCOs who have rendered and issued at least 5 years of military service.
  • to the max. 5 years for ECOs / SSCOs who have completed the initial period of assignment of 5 years of military service.
  • to the max. 10 years for blind, deaf-dumb and orthopedically handicapped persons

4) Number of attempts:

The maximum number of attempts is as follows:

  • General Category: 6 attempts
  • OBC Category: 9 attempts
  • SC/ST Category: No restriction
  • Physically handicapped Category- 9 attempts 

➼ IRPS Interview

The interview is one of the most important parts of the IRPS exam. It’s very necessary for you to clearly state your thoughts to the interviewers.

As a result, you need to focus on brightening your communication skills and body language. Some candidates are blessed with such skills.

Some require practice to become excellent communicators of their ideas. Candidates with no communication skills can contact those who have already appeared in the Civil Services Examinations, to get useful suggestions from them.

Because this portion of the Civil Services Examination is not designed to judge someone’s expertise on a subject.

However, a candidate must speak from the heart or answer all questions honestly.

There is a common misconception among the candidates that if they lie about their hobby just to get through the interview, it will never help them.

Interviewers are not just to ask questions, but to evaluate a candidate’s personality and ability to evaluate whether a ‘no’ is a ‘no’, it cannot be changed to a ‘yes’ and vice versa.

➼ How to apply for IRPS?

  1. Candidates have to apply online on the website www.upsconline.nic.in
  2. Applicants are advised to submit only one application.
  3. In certain situations, if more than one application is made. So, the application with high RID (Registration ID) is perfect in all respects.
  4. Candidates already in government organizations, government-owned industrial undertakings or other similar organizations or private employment can submit their applications directly to the Commission.
  5. Candidates already in a government organization, whether as permanent or temporary capacity or as casual or daily rated employees or employees working under public undertakings, are, however, required to submit an undertaking Which he has informed in his written office / Head of Department which he has applied for the examination.
  6. Candidates should note that due to the Commission not allowing the candidates to apply/appear in the examination, a communication is received from their application, their application will be rejected / candidature will be liable to be cancelled.

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