Indian Police Service (IPS officer)

Defence Exams, UPSC
IPS Recruitment/Sarkari Exams

The full form of IPS officer is an Indian Police Service officer and is one of the three All India Services.

Hence, elite Indian Police Service is not a security force but provides commanders to take high-level positions, within the state police machinery and the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF).

You must check out Indian Defence exams conducted by UPSC.

Being in All India Service, Central Government and the respective states employ the Indian Police. Most importantly, IPS officers in India carry a lot of responsibility and enjoy important perks as well.

Officers promoted/recruited from state police services remain in their state cadre.

For the successful candidates of IPS Officer Examination (Civil Services Examination), the cadre allocation is made on the basis of their rank, availability of vacancies and their preferences.

Earlier, the cadre allocation policy was a state-wise priority list in 2008 to be filled by the IPS exam candidates. But, the cadre allocation policy for IPS officers has changed now forever.

Since, UPSC CSE 2017, a new cadre policy has been implemented for All India Services.

As a result, It aims to increase national integration and rationalize vacancies while increasing the efficiency of administration.

Now, IPS cadres are divided into 5 regions which are mentioned below.

ZoneNumber of CadresIPS Cadres
I7
  • AGMUT (Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Mizoram and UTs)
  • Jammu and Kashmir
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Uttarakhand
  • Punjab
  • Rajasthan
  • Haryana
II4
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Bihar
  • Jharkhand
  • Odisha
III4
  • Gujarat
  • Maharashtra
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Chhattisgarh
IV6
  • West Bengal
  • Sikkim
  • Assam-Meghalaya
  • Manipur
  • Tripura
  • Nagaland
V5
  • Telangana
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Karnataka
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Kerala

IPS officer Training

There is a training or probationary period of about two years for a new IPS officer. The first part of the foundation course is of three months duration and is common for all new UPSC CSE recruits.

After a foundation course at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA), Mussoorie, IPS Probationer Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel visits the National Police Academy (SVPNPA), Hyderabad.

Apart from district training for IPS officer, various indoor and outdoor subjects are mentioned below.

Outdoor SubjectsMarks Alloted
Drill (comprising of Ceremonial Drill and Sword Drill)100
Drill (comprising of Ceremonial Drill and Sword Drill)80
Equitation40
Table Field Craft Tactics and Map Reading200
First Aid and Ambulance Drill20
Physical Fitness80
Swimming25
Unarmed Combat30
Yoga25
Indoor SubjectsMarks Alloted
Indoor Subject75
Indian Evidence Act, 1872100
Indian Penal Code, 1860100
Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973100
Special Laws50
Crime Prevention & Criminology75
Investigation-I75
Investigation -II75
Forensic Medicine50
Forensic Science (Theory & Practical)75
Maintenance of Public Peace and Order75
Internal Security75
Police Leadership and Management100
Ethics and Human Rights75
Information & Communication Technology100

IPS officer Salary and facilities

In the new pay structure, the system of pay grade for the civil service has been removed and the consolidated pay level is introduced as per the recommendations of the 7th Central Pay Commission.

Now IPS officer pay scale is fixed on basic pay with TA, DA and HRA only.

IPS officer salary per month

Designation or IPS rank in State Police/Central ForceSalary of IPS officer as per 7th Pay Commission
Director General of Police2,25,000.00 INR
Additional Director General of Police2,05,400.00 INR
Inspector General of Police1,44,200.00 INR
Deputy Inspector General of Police1,31,100.00 INR
Senior Superintendent of Police78,800.00 INR
Additional Superintendent of Police67,700.00 INR
Deputy Superintendent of Police56,100.00 INR

You must check out some of these Posts/services having the same salaries or better than this post.

  1. CRPF – 40000-60000 (depending upon the post)
  2. ITBP – 52000 (approx.)
  3. BSF – 52000 (approx.)
  4. SSB – 50000-60000 (approx)

IPS exam Pattern

There was a provision for a Limited Competitive Examination (LCE) for recruitment to the IPS. However, in 2018, the Supreme Court of India upheld the Centre’s decision to repeal this method of recruiting Indian Police Service officers.

UPSC conducts the Civil Services Examination, for which around 5-8 lakh candidates appear every year. The same examination recruits officers for the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Revenue Service, Indian Audit and Accounts Service etc.

The IPS Officer Exam (UPSC CSE 2020) will be conducted in three stages:

  1. Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (400 Marks) – May 31, 2020
  2. Civil Services (Main) Examination (2025 Marks) – September 18, 2020.
  3. UPSC Personality Test – To be notified

IPS Preliminary exam pattern

SL.NO.Name of The PaperNature of the PaperDuration of The ExamQuestionsMarks
1IAS Exam Paper – I: General StudiesMerit Ranking Nature2 Hours100200 Marks
2IAS Exam Paper – II: General Studies (CSAT)Qualifying Nature2 Hours80200 Marks
  • There are two papers of 200 marks in the prelims.
  • Both the question papers are of objective type (multiple choice questions) every two hours.
  • Language options of Question papers will be set in both Hindi and English. However, questions related to English language comprehension skills will be provided in English only.\
  • Blind candidates will be benefited with an additional time of 20 minutes for each paper.

IPS Preliminary exam syllabus

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and Indian National Movement
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialisation General Science
  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

IPS Main exam pattern

SL.NO.IAS Exam PaperName of The paperNature of The paperDuration of the examMarks
1Paper-ACompulsary Indian LanguageQualifying Nature3 Hours300 Marks
2Paper-BEnglishQualifying Nature3 Hours300 Marks
3Paper-IEssayMerit Ranking Nature3 Hours250 Marks
4Paper-IIGeneral Studies-I3 Hours250 Marks
5Paper-IIIGeneral Studies II3 Hours250 Makrs
6Paper IVGeneral Studies III3 Hours250 Marks
7Paper-VGeneral Studies IV3 Hours250 Marks
8Paper-VIOptional Paper I3 Hours250 Marks
9Paper-VIIOptional Paper II3 Hours250 Marks
Total Marks1750 Marks
Interview/Personality test275 Marks
Grand Total2025 Marks
  • The candidates who have passed the preliminary examination are called for the main examination and they will be called for interview based on the marks obtained in the main examination.
  • Total marks of main examination and interview for final exam result.

IPS Main Exam syllabus

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
  • Comprehension of given passages
  • Precis Writing
  • Usage and Vocabulary
  • Short Essay
  • To be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice
  • Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic
  • The choice of subjects will be given
  • They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely
  • Credit will be given for effective and exact expression

Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country history of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
  • Salient features of the world’s physical geography
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions.
  • Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate
  • Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cybersecurity; money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
  • This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s
  • Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption
  • Case Studies on the above issues.

IPS Officer Interview

The interview is one of the most important parts of the IPS officer exam. It’s very necessary for you to clearly state your thoughts to the interviewers.

As a result, you need to focus on brightening your communication skills and body language. Some candidates are blessed with such skills.

Some require practice to become excellent communicators of their ideas. Candidates with no communication skills can contact those who have already appeared in the Civil Services Examinations, to get useful suggestions from them.

Because this portion of the Civil Services Examination is not designed to judge someone’s expertise on a subject.

However, a candidate must speak from the heart or answer all questions honestly.

There is a common misconception among the candidates that if they lie about their hobby just to get through the interview, it will never help them.

Interviewers are not just to ask questions, but to evaluate a candidate’s personality and ability to evaluate whether a ‘no’ is a ‘no’, it cannot be changed to a ‘yes’ and vice versa.

IPS Important Dates 2020

Exam NameDate
Civil Service Exam – Prelims 2020Sunday, May 31, 2020
Civil Service Exam – Mains 2020Starts 18th September 2020 (exams for five days)
Important Dates
Civil Services Examination (CSE) notificationFebruary 12, 2020
IPS online application formFebruary 12 to March 3, 2020
IPS Preliminary admit card3rd week of May
IPS exam dateMay 31, 2020
IPS Preliminary resultJune 2020
IPS Main exam dateSeptember 18, 2020 (5 Days)
IPS Main exam resultDecember 2019
IPS personality test/ interviewFebruary/March 2021
IPS final resultApril 2021

IPS officer Eligibility – Qualifications needed to become an IPS officer

The Physical Standard for IPS officer in decided by the UPSC.

Following are the Physical requirements for IPS officer:

  1. Eligibility to meet physical fitness and other requirements.
  2. Age and number of attempts criteria.
  3. Eligibility criteria for the IPS exam.

IPS officer Medical requirements

HeightIPS physical eligibility for
male
IPS physical eligibility for
Female
Height165 cm[For ST
(except SC/ OBC) – 160 cm]
150 cm [For ST (except SC/ OBC)-
145 cm]
ChestMinimum 84 cm. Expansion 5 cmMin 79 cm expansion 5 cm
Eyesight6/6 or 6/9 distant vision for good eye6/12 or 6/9 for worst eye. Near vision J 1 for good eye. J2 for worst eye

As a part of the physical examination for IPS, those who do not meet the medical standards for the IPS chest expansion criterion in the first mediastinal examination.

That is, just after the interview, have their chest expansion during the second medical examination Can appeal or show. result.

In case, if the extension is less during the medical examination, the candidate will go to the next service

Requirements
Blood Pressure (High): Age 23 – 123; age 24 – 124; age 25 – 122; age 28 – 124; age 30 – 125; age 32 – 126; age 34 – 127
Ear– Good listening and normal ear cavity; 1000-4000 frequency hearing impairment should not be more than 30 decibels
Nasal– Candidate should not stutter while speaking
Ladies should not be pregnant at the time of Medical Test
High standard for the Colourblind test. No inherent night blindness. Vision should be stereoscopic

IPS officer Physical training

Once a candidate fulfils all the physical and medical requirements, which he is selected for the post of IPS (Indian Police Service), the first 3 months of his 2-year evaluation period will be in Mussoorie for LBSNAA( Foundation Course, Which is regular training IAS officer, IPS officer and IFS officer).

Then the selected candidates for IPS will be sent to the National Police Academy (NPA), Hyderabad for 11 months of academic training. Here candidates will undergo both indoor and outdoor training.

Indoor TrainingOutdoor Training
Classes on IPC/CrPC/IEA/Ethics/Police Management etc along with seminars and lectures from renowned personalities from around the countryCross Country Runs of 16kms, Firearms training, Route marches, Unarmed Combat training, games, horse-riding and much more.

IPS officer Age Limit

The UPSC Civil Services Examination increased the upper age limit and number of attempts for applicants from 2015. The Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances Department published on the website says that the upper age limit will be the following:

IPS officer exam age limit :
  • 37 years and an unlimited number of attempts for ST/SC
  • 35 years for OBC with 9 attempts
  • 32 for general category (unreserved) with 6 attempts
  • 42, 45 and 47 years respectively for physically challenged candidates, General, OBC and SC / ST categoryI
IPS officer exam number of attempts :
  • General – 6 attempts
  • OBC – 9 attempts
  • SC / ST – Unlimited number of attempts
  • Physically Handicapped- 9 attempts

IPS officer Education Qualification

A candidate should have a bachelor’s degree or equivalent qualification from any university recognized by the UGC.

Nationality

Candidate should have a degree from any recognized university or its equivalent qualification.

skills required for becoming IPS officer :
  • Decision-making ability
  • good communication skill
  • Excellent knowledge about foreign countries and current affairs
  • leadership ability
  • Good analytical ability

How to apply for IPS officer exam?

  1. Candidates have to apply online on the website www.upsconline.nic.in
  2. Applicants are advised to submit only one application.
  3. In some situations, if more than one request gets submitted, the applicant has to ensure that the application with high RID (Registration ID) is complete in all respects.
    Candidates who are already in the Government organization, government-owned industries, or other similar fields or in private employment should apply directly to the Commission.
  4. However, candidates who are already in the Government Service, either in a permanent or temporary capacity or as employees with job positions other than occasional or daily qualified employees or those who serve in Public Companies, must present a commitment that they have informed their Head of Office / Department in writing that they have requested the examination.
  5. Candidates should be aware that in the event that the Commission receives a communication from their employer withholding permission from applicants applying / appearing on the exam, their application will be rejected / the application will be cancelled.

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