Sashastra Seema Bal

Defence Exams, UPSC
SSB Exam pattern/Sarkari Exams

Full form of SSB is Sashastra Seema Bal. The recruitment for Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) is done by the examination, which is conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

This examination held annually, at a national level under the supervision of Central Armed Police Force (CAPF).

The UPSC CAPF exam is conducted for the recruitment of Assistant commandants for these posts:- CISF, BSF, CRPF, ITBP, SSB, NSG, AR.

As clear from the above-mentioned sentence, SSB is one of the posts of Assistant commandant for which the UPSC conducts annually.

Sashastra Seema Bal comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs and the recruitment process is managed by UPSC.

Hence, Sashastra Seema Bal is currently managing the security of Indo-Bhutan and Indo-Nepal borders.

The Force was initially named Special Service Bureau. Finally, in the year 1963 was renamed and declared the sole Force maintaining total security preparedness.

Name of OrganisationSashastra Seema Bal
Conducting BodyUnion Public Service Commission
PostAssistant Commandant
Number of Vacancies10
Job LocationAnywhere in India

The wage division for Assistant Commandants in Sashastra Seema Bal has increased after the 7th pay commission. As a result, the salary given by UPSC for the service becomes the primary reason for aspirants to meet the job profile and join the forces.

The salary for Assistant Commandant in SSB after 7th pay commission is mentioned below:

You can also checkout the list of services having similar salaries as good as SSB-

Assistant CommandantSSB Salary
Assistant CommnadantRs 50000/- to Rs 60000/- (Approx)

You must check out some of these Posts/services having the same salaries or better than this post.

  1. CRPF – 40000-60000 (depending upon the post)
  2. ITBP – 52000 (approx.)
  3. BSF – 52000 (approx.)
  4. IPS – 56000-225000 (depending upon the post)

➼ Sashastra Seema Bal Syllabus

Recruitment in the CAPF has involved multiple steps. The recruitment is done by these above-mentioned steps.

Written Exam – It is the first step in recruitment. It involves a 2 hours examination, which is subcategorised, which is mentioned along with the syllabus.

  • Paper 1 contains General ability and intelligence test, this whole paper is an objective type (MCQs). The syllabus is mentioned below.
  • Paper 2 contains General Studies, Essay writing and comprehension. Therefore, you will be given one topic to write your Essay at a particular time.
SSB Exam PatternSyllabus
Paper I: General Ability/ Intelligence (objective)Indian History
Indian and World Geography
General science
Indian Economy and Politics
Logical Reasoning
Quantitative Aptitude
Numerical Ability
Data Interpretation
Paper-II: General Studies, Essay and ComprehensionLong and narrative essay ( Paper I syllabus for essay)
Paper A: Essay Questions

Paper B:
Comprehension, Precis writing and

Communication/language skills

➼ Sashastra Seema Bal Physical Efficiency

In the physical Efficiency test SSB, the main focus is to test, whether the particular applicant is fulfiling the criteria. If the applicant fulfils all these criteria, finally he/she will be shortlisted for the personality test (Interview).

The selection aims at body strengths of the people. Therefore, they can able to sustain difficult training, which will be given to all the selected candidates further.

The minimum criteria for the selection procedure are mentioned below. 

Physical Efficiency for SSBMaleFemale
100 meters raceIn 16 secondsIn 18 seconds
800 meters raceIn 3 minutes 45 secondsIn 4 minutes 45 seconds
Long Jump---4.5 meter
Shot Put3 meter (3 chances)3 meter (3 chances)

➼ Sashastra Seema Bal Prepration

Preparation of the SSB examination is not an easy task. Due to this vast course, it is divided into several parts.

Considering these below-mentioned books for preparation might be beneficial for you.

As these books cover all the necessary topics, that helps you to perform well in the exam.

Preparation Books
Geography of India by Majid Hussain
Introduction to the Constitution of India by D.D Basu
Science and Technology in India by Ravi P Agrahari
Economic and Political Weekly
NCERT Class XI & XII for Geography and Economics

➼ Limited Departmental competition Exam Pattern

Apart from aspirants across the country, the currently serving employees can also apply for the post of Assistant Commandant in SSB through the LDC exam. The exam is conducted for internal recruitment in the organization.

CAPF released the notification for the LDC exam in the year 2017, but the exam is scheduled in the year 2019-20.

The eligibility criteria are mentioned below for the exam:-

  1. Candidate must be less than 35 years in age. Age relaxation of 5 years for SC/ST candidates.
  2. The candidate must be a graduate from any Government recognised University.
  3. Only three attempts per candidate are allowed.
  4. Candidate must have served the organization for a minimum of 4 years.
  5. The physical and medical standards are the same as the direct recruitment procedure.

The exam pattern for LDC exam is slightly different from the regular recruitment drive.

The exam pattern for CAPF LDC exam is divided into four levels:

  1. Written Exam
  2. Physical Standards Test
  3. Personality Test
  4. Medical Standard Test
SSB Exam PatternDurationMarks
LDC Written Exam
Paper I (Intelligence Test and General knowledge)
Paper II (Professional Skills)
Paper III (Essay, comprehension, Precis)

2 hours
2 hours
2 hours

100 Marks
100 Marks
100 Marks
Physical Standard Test-----
Personality Test---100 Marks

➼ Sashastra Seema Bal Eligibility criteria

As mentioned by UPSC one must fulfil the minimum eligibility criteria of SSB, to apply for SSB.

  1. Age Limit: Candidate must be between 20 years and 25 years of age. There is an age relaxation of up to 5 years for SC/ST candidates and age relaxation of up to 3 years for OBC candidates.
  2. Educational Qualifications: Candidate must be a graduate from any Government University or Deemed to be University.
  3. Sex: Both male and female candidate can apply.
  4. Nationality: Candidate should be a citizen of India or a subject of Nepal or Bhutan.

Candidate must also fulfil the physical standards to apply for SSB, which may vary according to sex.

The eligibility criteria of physical standards are mentioned below.

SSb Physical StandardsMenWomen
Height165157
Chest81---
Weight50 kg (As per Height)46 kg (As per Height)

➼ SSB Interview

The interview is one of the most important parts of the SSB exam. It’s very necessary for you to clearly state your thoughts to the interviewers.

As a result, you need to focus on brightening your communication skills and body language. Some candidates are blessed with such skills.

Some require practice to become excellent communicators of their ideas. Candidates with no communication skills can contact those who have already appeared in the Civil Services Examinations, to get useful suggestions from them.

Because this portion of the Civil Services Examination is not designed to judge someone’s expertise on a subject.

However, a candidate must speak from the heart or answer all questions honestly.

There is a common misconception among the candidates that if they lie about their hobby just to get through the interview, it will never help them.

Interviewers are not just to ask questions, but to evaluate a candidate’s personality and ability to evaluate whether a ‘no’ is a ‘no’, it cannot be changed to a ‘yes’ and vice versa.

➼ How to apply for Sashastra Seema Bal?

The application process for CAPF recruitment begins once the notification is out through the official website (https://www.upsc.gov.in/). Candidates can follow the steps given below to apply for UPSC CAPF exam:

  1. Candidates can visit the official site https://www.upsc.gov.in/
  2. Only one application is accepted per candidate. So, avoid filling in multiple application forms
  3. The exam centre needs to be selected carefully as no changes can be made once the form is submitted.
  4. The final step is the payment of fees.
CategoryCAPF Application Fees
General/OBCRs.200/-
SC/ST/ FemaleExempted

➼ Important dates for Sashastra Seema Bal

The important dates for the UPSC CAPF exam are mentioned in the official notification. The dates for the year 2019 recruitment process are discussed below.

After all the phases of the recruitment exam are completed, the result gets declared for Assistant Commandant for SSB exam. The merit is announced at the end of the recruitment program.

Important Dates for UPSC CAPF Assistant Commandant recruitment 2018 are as follows.

SSB Exam Dates Postpond Due to Pandemic COVID-19. 
SSB AC Exam PatternCAPF Important dates
Notification---
Last Date to Apply---
Admit Card---
SSC Written Exam---
Personality Test---

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