CWC is known as the Central Water Commission. It is a leading organization in the field of water resources. It is currently working in the collaboration with Ministry of Jal Shakti, River Development, Department Of Water Resources, Ganga Rejuvenation and Government of India. Here, only Mechanical and Civil branch candidates are allotted in SSC JE CWC.
This department delivers general responsibilities of initiating, coordinating and consultancy to state government concerns, many schemes for control, for the purpose of flood-related matters, navigation, water power development and also for conservation and utilization of water resources throughout the country.
Working of CWC is to investigate, construct and execute projects undertaken in the schemes. Its work is divided into 3 parts
- Research and design(R&D)
- Water planning and Projects(WP&P)
- River Management(RM)
In the entire CWC site office, Junior Engineer has to file Discharge report every day, this process takes 2 hours o the daily basis.
Secondly, checking the water level is also an important task, should be completed by CWC. It is basically done using an Auto level on weekly basis. Prepare the Graph Sheets and update it with the data you have obtained from the Discharge report.
- Basic Planning and Management
- Water Management
- River Management
- Inter-state/International Conflict Resolution in water Related disputes
- Flood Forecasting/Hydrological Observation
- Human Resource Management and Administration
- Civil/Structural Design of WR Projects
- Survey and Investigation of WR Projects
- Appraisal of Water Resources Projects
- Monitoring of Water Resources Projects
- Hydro-Mechanical Design of WR Projects
Central Water Commission (CWC) Posting:
Junior Time Scale
Assistant Director / Assistant Executive Engineer
Senior Time Scale
Deputy Director/ Executive Engineer/ Deputy Commissioner (Equivalent to Under Secretary to GOI)
Non-Functional Second Grade
Deputy Director/ Executive Engineer/ Deputy Commissioner (Equivalent to Deputy Secretary to GOl)
Junior Administrative Grade
Director/ Superintending Engineer/ Senior Joint Commissioner (Equivalent to Director to GOI)
Senior Administrative Grade
Chief Engineer/ Commissioner (Equivalent to Joint Secretary to GOI)
Higher Administrative Grade
Member, CWC/ Chairman, GFCC/KRMB/GRMB (Equivalent to Additional Secretary to GOI)
Chairman, CWC (Equivalent to Secretary to GOI)
SSC JE CWC Vacancy 2020:
The vacancies for Central Water Commission (CWC) 2020 are released. Candidates who are waiting for the exam vacancies can now fill the Examination Form.
Table of SSC JE CWC Vacancies:
SSC JE Central Water Commission (Civil)
SSC JE Central Water Commission (Mechanical)
SSC JE CWC Salary Structure:
The In-Salary of a Junior Engineer in Central Water Commission (CWC) is Rs. 45,000 per month after the 7th pay commission (Including all other allowances).
Post-Wise Salary Structure of SSC JE CWC:
SSC JE Central Water Commission (CWC)
Junior Engineer (Civil)
Central Water Commission (CWC)
Junior Engineer (Mechanical)
Career Growth & Promotion:
There is a scheme in government as well as private-sector jobs that the candidate gets promoted to a higher post after a certain period.
Talking about the promotion of a junior engineer in CWC:
- Central Water Commission is a much relaxing Job As compared to the other posts in SSC JE, ie. Military Engineering Service (MES) and CPWD.
- The Job location in all over India.
- There is Less workload as compared to other posts.
- The junior engineer in CWC gets all the allowances & benefits like the other posts in SSC JE.
The staff selection commission sets the eligibility criteria for the candidates who are planning to prepare for the Central Water Commission (CMC) Exam. If the candidate wants to apply for the exam, He/she must fulfill the eligibility criteria before filling the examination form.
The Eligibility Criteria include:
Candidates should meet the age limit as on 1’st January 2020, before applying for the exam.
Min. Age: 18 Years
Max Age: 32 Years
Central Water Commission (CWC)
Junior Engineer (Civil)
Up to 32 years
Central Water Commission (CWC)
Junior Engineer (Mechanical)
Up to 32 years
The below-given table shows the post wise qualification in SSC JE CWC:
Junior Engineer (Civil), Central Water Commission.
Degree or Diploma in Civil Engineering from a recognized University or Institution
Junior Engineer (Mechanical) in Central Water Commission.
Degree or Diploma in Mechanical Engineering from a recognized University or Institution
Syllabus of SSC JE CWC:
SSC covers both verbal and non-verbal type questions in General Intelligence & Reasoning section. The test will be based on on analogies, similarities, differences, space visualization, problem solving, analysis, judgement, decision making, visual memory, discrimination, observation, relationship concepts, arithmetical reasoning, verbal and figure classification, arithmetical number series etc topics. The test will also include questions designed to test the candidate’s abilities to deal with abstract ideas and symbols and their relationships, arithmetical computations and other analytical functions.
Questions asked in this section will be aimed at testing the candidate’s general awareness of the environment around him/her and its application to society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observations and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Polity and Scientific Research, etc. These questions will be such that they do not require a special study of any discipline.
Part-A : Civil Engineering
Building Materials, Estimating, Costing and Valuation, Surveying, Soil Mechanics, Hydraulics, Irrigation Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Environmental Engineering.
Structural Engineering: Theory of Structures, Concrete Technology, RCC Design, Steel Design.
Part-B : Electrical Engineering
Basic concepts, Circuit law, Magnetic Circuit, AC Fundamentals, Measurement and Measuring instruments, Electrical Machines, Fractional Kilowatt Motors and single phase induction Motors, Synchronous Machines, Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Estimation and Costing, Utilization and Electrical Energy, Basic Electronics.
Part-C : Mechanical Engineering
Theory of Machines and Machine Design, Engineering Mechanics and Strength of Materials, Properties of Pure Substances, 1st Law of Thermodynamics, 2nd Law of Thermodynamics, Air standard Cycles for IC Engines, IC Engine Performance, IC Engines Combustion, IC Engine Cooling & Lubrication, Rankine cycle of System, Boilers, Classification, Specification, Fitting & Accessories, Air Compressors & their cycles, Refrigeration cycles, Principle of Refrigeration Plant, Nozzles & Steam Turbines. Properties & Classification of Fluids, Fluid Statics, Measurement of Fluid Pressure, Fluid kinematics, Dynamics of Ideal fluids, Measurement of Flow rate, basic principles, Hydraulic Turbines, Centrifugal Pumps, Classification of steels.
Building Materials: Physical and Chemical properties, classification, standard tests, uses and
manufacture/quarrying of materials e.g. building stones, silicate-based materials, cement (Portland),
asbestos products, timber and wood-based products, laminates, bituminous materials, paints,
Estimating, Costing and Valuation: estimate, a glossary of technical terms, analysis of rates, methods
and unit of measurement, Items of work – earthwork, Brick work (Modular & Traditional bricks),
RCC work, Shuttering, Timber work, Painting, Flooring, Plastering. Boundary wall, Brick building,
Water Tank, Septic tank, Bar bending schedule, Centre line method, Mid-section formula,
The trapezoidal formula, Simpson’s rule. Cost estimate of Septic tank, flexible pavements, Tube well,
isolates and combined footings, Steel Truss, Piles and pile-caps. Valuation – Value and cost, scrap
value, salvage value, assessed value, sinking fund, depreciation and obsolescence, methods of
Surveying: Principles of surveying, measurement of distance, chain surveying, working of prismatic
compass, compass traversing, bearings, local attraction, plane table surveying, theodolite traversing,
adjustment of theodolite, Levelling, Definition of terms used in levelling, contouring, curvature and
refraction corrections, temporary and permanent adjustments of dumpy level, methods of contouring,
uses of a contour map, tachometric survey, curve setting, earthwork calculation, advanced surveying
Soil Mechanics: Origin of soil, phase diagram, Definitions-void ratio, porosity, degree of saturation,
water content, the specific gravity of soil grains, unit weights, density index and interrelationship of
different parameters, Grain size distribution curves and their uses. Index properties of soils,
Atterberg’s limits, ISI soil classification and plasticity chart. Permeability of soil, coefficient of
permeability, determination of coefficient of permeability, Unconfined and confined aquifers,
effective stress, quick sand, consolidation of soils, Principles of consolidation, degree of
consolidation, pre-consolidation pressure, normally consolidated soil, e-log p curve, computation of
ultimate settlement. Shear strength of soils, direct shear test, Vane shear test, Triaxial test. Soil
compaction, Laboratory compaction test, Maximum dry density and optimum moisture content, earth
pressure theories, active and passive earth pressures, Bearing capacity of soils, plate load test,
standard penetration test.
Hydraulics: Fluid properties, hydrostatics, measurements of flow, Bernoulli’s theorem and its
application, flow through pipes, flow in open channels, weirs, flumes, spillways, pumps and turbines.
Irrigation Engineering: Definition, necessity, benefits, 2II effects of irrigation, types and methods of
irrigation, Hydrology – Measurement of rainfall, runoff coefficient, rain gauge, losses from
precipitation – evaporation, infiltration, etc. Water requirement of crops, duty, delta and base period,
Kharif and Rabi Crops, Command area, Time factor, Crop ratio, Overlap allowance, Irrigation
efficiencies. Different type of canals, types of canal irrigation, loss of water in canals. Canal lining –
types and advantages. Shallow and deep to wells, yield from a well. Weir and barrage, Failure of
weirs and permeable foundation, Slit and Scour, Kennedy’s theory of critical velocity. Lacey’s theory
of uniform flow. Definition of flood, causes and effects, methods of flood control, water logging,
preventive measure. Land reclamation, Characteristics of affecting fertility of soils, purposes,
methods, description of land and reclamation processes. Major irrigation projects in India.
Transportation Engineering: Highway Engineering – cross-sectional elements, geometric design, types
of pavements, pavement materials – aggregates and bitumen, different tests, Design of flexible and
rigid pavements – Water Bound Macadam (WBM) and Wet Mix Macadam (WMM), Gravel Road,
Bituminous construction, Rigid pavement joint, pavement maintenance, Highway drainage, Railway
Engineering- Components of the permanent way – sleepers, ballast, fixtures and fastening, track
geometry, points and crossings, track junction, stations and yards. Traffic Engineering – Different
traffic survey, speed-flow-density and their interrelationships, intersections and interchanges, traffic
signals, traffic operation, traffic signs and markings, road safety.
Environmental Engineering: Quality of water, source of water supply, purification of water,
distribution of water, need of sanitation, sewerage systems, circular sewer, oval sewer, sewer
appurtenances, sewage treatments. Surface water drainage. Solid waste management – types, effects,
engineered management system. Air pollution – pollutants, causes, effects, control. Noise pollution –
cause, health effects, control.
Theory of structures: Elasticity constants, types of beams – determinate and indeterminate, bending
moment and shear force diagrams of simply supported, cantilever and overhanging beams. Moment
of area and moment of inertia for rectangular & circular sections, bending moment and shear stress for
tee, channel and compound sections, chimneys, dams and retaining walls, eccentric loads, slope
deflection of simply supported and cantilever beams, critical load and columns, Torsion of circular
Concrete Technology: Properties, Advantages and uses of concrete, cement aggregates, the importance of
water quality, water-cement ratio, workability, mix design, storage, batching, mixing, placement,
compaction, finishing and curing of concrete, quality control of concrete, hot weather and cold
weather concreting, repair and maintenance of concrete structures.
RCC Design: RCC beams-flexural strength, shear strength, bond strength, design of singly reinforced
and double reinforced beams, cantilever beams. T-beams, lintels. One way and two-way slabs,
isolated footings. Reinforced brick works, columns, staircases, retaining wall, water tanks (RCC
design questions may be based on both Limit State and Working Stress methods).
Steel Design: Steel design and construction of steel columns, beams roof trusses plate girders.
Basic concepts: Concepts of resistance, inductance, capacitance, and various factors affecting them.
Concepts of current, voltage, power, energy and their units.
Circuit law: Kirchhoff’s law, Simple Circuit solution using network theorems.
Magnetic Circuit: Concepts of flux, mmf, reluctance, Different kinds of magnetic materials, Magnetic
calculations for conductors of different configuration e.g. straight, circular, solenoidal, etc.
Electromagnetic induction, self and mutual induction.
AC Fundamentals: Instantaneous, peak, R.M.S. and average values of alternating waves,
Representation of sinusoidal waveform, simple series and parallel AC Circuits consisting of R.L. and
C, Resonance, Tank Circuit. Poly Phase system – star and delta connection, 3 phase power, DC and
sinusoidal response of R-Land R-C circuit.
Measurement and measuring instruments: Measurement of power (1 phase and 3 phase, both active
and re-active) and energy, 2 wattmeter method of 3 phase power measurement. Measurement of
frequency and phase angle. Ammeter and voltmeter (both moving oil and moving iron type),
an extension of range wattmeter, Multimeters, Megger, Energy meter AC Bridges. Use of CRO, Signal
Generator, CT, PT and their uses. Earth Fault detection.
Electrical Machines : (a) D.C. Machine – Construction, Basic Principles of D.C. motors and
generators, their characteristics, speed control and starting of D.C. Motors. Method of braking motor,
Losses and efficiency of D.C. Machines. (b) 1 phase and 3 phase transformers – Construction,
Principles of operation, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation, O.C. and S.C. Tests, Losses and
efficiency. Effect of voltage, frequency and waveform on losses. Parallel operation of 1 phase /3
phase transformers. Autotransformers. (c) 3 phase induction motors, rotating magnetic field,
the principle of operation, equivalent circuit, torque-speed characteristics, starting and speed control of 3
phase induction motors. Methods of braking, the effect of voltage and frequency variation on torque
Fractional Kilowatt Motors and Single Phase Induction Motors: Characteristics and applications.
Synchronous Machines – Generation of 3-phase e.m.f. armature reaction, voltage regulation, parallel
operation of two alternators, synchronizing, control of active and reactive power. Starting and
applications of synchronous motors.
Generation, Transmission and Distribution – Different types of power stations, Load factor, diversity
factor, demand factor, cost of generation, inter-connection of power stations. Power factor
improvement, various types of tariffs, types of faults, short circuit current for symmetrical faults.
Switchgears – a rating of circuit breakers, Principles of arc extinction by oil and air, H.R.C. Fuses,
Protection against earth leakage / over current, etc. Buchholtz relay, Merz-Price system of protection
of generators & transformers, protection of feeders and bus bars. Lightning arresters, various
transmission and distribution system, comparison of conductor materials, the efficiency of a different system.
Cable – Different type of cables, cable rating and derating factor.
Estimation and costing: Estimation of lighting scheme, electric installation of machines and relevant
IE rules. Earthing practices and IE Rules.
Utilization of Electrical Energy: Illumination, Electric heating, Electric welding, Electroplating,
Electric drives and motors.
Basic Electronics: Working of various electronic devices e.g. P N Junction diodes, Transistors (NPN
and PNP type), BJT and JFET. Simple circuits using these devices
Theory of Machines and Machine Design
Concept of a simple machine, Four bar linkage and link motion, Flywheels and fluctuation of energy,
Power transmission by belts – V-belts and Flat belts, Clutches – Plate and Conical clutch, Gears – Type of gears, gear profile and gear ratio calculation, Governors – Principles and classification,
Riveted joint, Cams, Bearings, Friction in collars and pivots.
Engineering Mechanics and Strength of Materials
Equilibrium of Forces, Law of motion, Friction, Concepts of stress and strain, Elastic limit and elastic
constants, Bending moments and shear force diagram, Stress in composite bars, Torsion of circular
shafts, Bucking of columns – Euler’s and Rankin’s theories, Thin walled pressure vessels.
Properties of Pure Substances: p-v & P-T diagrams of pure substance like H2O, Introduction of steam
table with respect to steam generation process; definition of saturation, wet & superheated status.
Definition of dryness fraction of steam, degree of superheat of steam. H-s chart of steam (Mollier’s Chart).
1 st Law of Thermodynamics: Definition of stored energy & internal energy, 1st Law of
Thermodynamics of cyclic process, Non-Flow Energy Equation, Flow Energy & Definition of
Enthalpy, Conditions for Steady State Steady Flow; Steady State Steady Flow Energy Equation.
2 nd Law of Thermodynamics: Definition of Sink, Source Reservoir of Heat, Heat Engine, Heat Pump
& Refrigerator; Thermal Efficiency of Heat Engines & co-efficient of performance of Refrigerators,
Kelvin – Planck & Clausius Statements of 2nd Law of Thermodynamics, Absolute or Thermodynamic
Scale of temperature, Clausius Integral, Entropy, Entropy change calculation of ideal gas processes.
Carnot Cycle & Carnot Efficiency, PMM-2; definition & its impossibility.
Air standard Cycles for IC engines: Otto cycle; plot on P-V, T-S Planes; Thermal Efficiency, Diesel
Cycle; Plot on P-V, T-S planes; Thermal efficiency.
IC Engine Performance, IC Engine Combustion, IC Engine Cooling & Lubrication.
Rankine cycle of steam: Simple Rankine cycle plot on P-V, T-S, h-s planes, Rankine cycle efficiency
with & without pump work.
Boilers; Classification; Specification; Fittings & Accessories: Fire Tube & Water Tube Boilers.
Air Compressors & their cycles; Refrigeration cycles; Principle of a Refrigeration Plant; Nozzles &
Fluid Mechanics & Machinery
Properties & Classification of Fluid: ideal & real fluids, Newton’s law of viscosity, Newtonian and
Non-Newtonian fluids, compressible and incompressible fluids.
Fluid Statics: Pressure at a point.
Measurement of Fluid Pressure: Manometers, U-tube, Inclined tube.
Fluid Kinematics: Streamline, laminar & turbulent flow, external & internal flow, continuity
Dynamics of ideal fluids: Bernoulli’s equation, Total head; Velocity head; Pressure head; Application
of Bernoulli’s equitation.
Measurement of Flow rate Basic Principles: Venturimeter, Pilot tube, Orifice meter.
Hydraulic Turbines: Classifications, Principles.
Centrifugal Pumps: Classifications, Principles, Performance.
Classification of Steels: mild steel & alloy steel, Heat treatment of steel, Welding – Arc Welding,
Gas Welding, Resistance Welding, Special Welding Techniques i.e. TIG, MIG, etc. (Brazing &
Soldering), Welding Defects & Testing; NDT, Foundry & Casting – methods, defects, different
casting processes, Forging, Extrusion, etc, Metal cutting principles, cutting tools, Basic Principles of
machining with (i) Lathe (ii) Milling (iii) Drilling (iv) Shaping (v) Grinding, Machines, Tools &
How to Apply for SSC JE CWC:
There are two ways to apply for the SSC JE examination.
- Log-in through the official website (https://ssc.nic.in/) through his/her registered Email ID and password.
- The candidate needs to click on the ‘Apply’ link ‘Junior Engineer (Civil, Electrical, Mechanical, and Quantity Surveying & Contracts) Examination 2020’ section under the ‘Latest Notifications’ tab.
- Choose the examination centre as per one’s preference.
- The information with regard to Photo/ Signature/ Biometric impression needs to be filled up automatically from the One-Time Registration data.
SSC JE Cut-off:
Around 3,77,133 candidates had appeared in the examination of SSC JE and according to it, you can compare cutoff of SSC JE CWC.
Cut Off [Civil]
SSC JE CWC Admit Card 2020:
- Visit the official website (https://ssc.nic.in)
- Click on the admit card option on the top bar.
- Select your region (e.g. Eastern, Northern region, etc.)
- The download link for Junior Engineer exams will be get displayed on the screen.
- Click on the link and enter the necessary credentials (Roll Number, username / Password and Date Of Birth)
- The SSC JE Online Admit card will open in a separate window,
- Download the SSC JE admit card for your reference and take a printout of it.